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Sub Acute Rehabilitation / Swing Bed Patient Care is inpatient Sub Acute rehabilitation performed at Critical Access Hospitals. Currently there is no standard system in use to measure functional outcomes for these patients. In 2013, we identified the need to quantify our patients’ functional improvements from admission to discharge.
Following research, we implemented the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living (A.D.L.) to assess our Sub Acute Rehabilitation patients’ functional levels in 10 quantifiable self-care activities of daily living. These included:
This project involved multiple disciplines: Nursing, Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy. The goals of the project were to improve the functional independence of Sub Acute Rehabilitation patients; maximize the monthly percentage of Sub Acute Rehab patients who return home or to their prior level of residence; improve communications among the rehabilitation team members and increase their efficiency in working together, and to educate patients’ families and caregivers to ensure that a safe discharge plan is established and implemented.
How Our Program is Designed to Help Sub Acute Rehabilitation Patients
We collected data from June 2013 until December 2015 and chose to score each sub acute patient upon admission and discharge. We divided our Sub Acute Rehabilitation patients’ diagnoses into three categories:
We implemented weekly Physical Therapy/Occupational Therapy re-evaluations and assigned designated Physical Therapy assistants to the Sub Acute Rehabilitation unit. We also trained our Physical Therapy staff to utilize Standardized Functional Assessment tools, such as Timed Up and Go and Gait Velocity.
Our Innovative Program Creates Objective Patient Improvements and Safe Discharges
By implementing the Barthel Index at admission and discharge with each Sub Acute Rehabilitation patient, we had marked objective, quantifiable data to document patient improvements in functional independence:
More patients are being safely discharged to their prior level of residence: We have improved clinical quality and decreased the need for skilled nursing facility care. In 2016, we had an 80.2% return to home rate overall. In the sub-category of Orthopedic patients, we had an 89.3% return to home rate.
Our Sub Acute Rehabilitation Program has had a direct, positive effect on safe discharges. With delegating certain domains of the Barthel Index to the specialized discipline, we created a stronger multidisciplinary approach to services for each of our Sub Acute Rehabilitation patients. These functional domains are discussed at our weekly Interdisciplinary Care Plan meetings, which improved teamwork and patient outcomes. Utilizing the Barthel Index system has significantly enhanced the education of our family and patients to ensure a safe discharge, ideally to their prior level of residence. This system significantly decreases patient harm by ensuring enough care will be provided when returning home.
Back Home and Feeling Stronger Every Day: One Sub Acute Rehabilitation Patient’s Story
John P. was an LVAD patient at Ellenville Regional Hospital who benefited from the Sub Acute Rehabilitation program. Before his surgery, he would just lie in bed from a weak heart and other healthcare professionals didn’t think he would make it. He shared with us that our hospital was the best he had been to in all his life. He was treated exceptionally well, the food was delicious and, if he didn’t like something, the nurse would get him something else. Treatment and services by the nurses were at a very high level; he said they were always there for him. He also raved about the therapy work. Even now, after discharge, when he runs into those who gave him therapy here, he shares with them how they are the best and what a great experience it was. John was released from the Sub Acute Rehabilitation program and returned home on July 28th, 2017 and, while he uses a walker, he says he feels like he could get up and run. He learned a great exercise program while at Ellenville Regional Hospital, and he is improving each day with his exercises at home.
What's Next for Our Sub Acute Rehabilitation Program?
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We will continue to develop and offer such remarkable projects to help our patients. Ellenville Regional Hospital is leading the way forward to improve healthcare—close to home in our community and beyond.